History of Gomel state University. F. Skaryna began in 1929, when the decision to open an agro-pedagogical Institute in Gomel was made by the CEC of the BSSR. Carrying out this decision, the Board of the People's Commissariat of education of the BSSR on may 7, 1930 decided to profile the Gomel Institute in three directions – socio-historical, literary-linguistic and physical-technical. Until 1933, the Institute trained teachers for two-year schools. In 1933, it was transformed into a pedagogical Institute with a three-year term of study. A year later, the Institute was reorganized into a University with a four-year training program, providing training for teachers of mathematics, physics, chemistry and natural Sciences. March 5, 1939 by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the BSSR the Institute was named the famous pilot V. P. Chkalov.
Over the years, the Institute has trained about 13,000 highly qualified specialists for various fields of the national economy, significant progress has been achieved in the field of science. A high assessment of the work of the Institute was The decision of the Central Committee of the PBC and the Council of Ministers of the BSSR of March 14, 1969 № 93 on the transformation of the Gomel pedagogical Institute in Gomel state University – the second in Belarus University of such a high rank.
Today, Gomel state University im. F. Skaryna – the largest research and training center, rightly received recognition from the domestic and world scientific community. The oldest University in the region has become a real intellectual and cultural core of the Belarusian Polesie.
The scientific potential of the GSU them. F. Skaryna quite solid. The total number of employees-1422 people, including the teaching staff (teaching staff) (without part – time) - 657. Among the faculty and researchers 39 doctors of Sciences, 34 professors, 248 candidates of Sciences, 205 associate professors. Among doctors of Sciences, 4 corresponding members of NAS of Belarus (A. V. Rogachev, A. N. Serdyukov, G. G. Goncharenko, V. F. Baginsky).
The provision of training scientific and teaching personnel is the graduate school (51 specialty) and doctoral studies (5 majors). Since 2004 the magistracy is open. The University has 4 councils for the defense of theses in five specialties, including one doctoral.
The main forms of scientific activity of the state University are: the implementation of fundamental, applied and contractual research; organization and conduct of scientific conferences and seminars; training of highly qualified scientific personnel; organization and management of student science; exhibition and information activities to promote science through the media; invention and innovation; publication of scientific literature (publication of monographs, journals, collections of articles and abstracts).
The University conducts fundamental, exploratory and applied research in 14 main areas approved on 02.03.2016. The Ministry of education of the Republic of Belarus, which correspond to the profile of the graduates and formed on the basis of the list of priority directions of scientific and scientific-technical activities of the Republic of Belarus for 2016-2020, approved by the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus from 12.03.2015 No. 190 and the list of priority directions of scientific-technical activities in the Republic of Belarus for 2016-2020, approved by the decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus from 22.04.2015 No. 166.
In 2016, the University was accredited by the State Committee on science and technology of the Republic of Belarus and the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus as a scientific organization (certificate of accreditation of the scientific organization of April 20, 2016, № 7).
The University consists of two research institutes: history and culture of the East Slavic peoples (since 2002) and physico-chemical (since 2016); since 2006 the Center for Collective Use on Environmental Monitoring and Study of the Composition and Properties of Matter (CCU "Isomer") has been functioning as a part of four research laboratories: "Physical chemistry and technology of micro- and nanoscale systems"; "Physics and chemistry of polymers"; "Monitoring of ecosystems" and "Mass spectrometric analysis". CCU is equipped with unique scientific equipment, which employs highly qualified specialists conducting research. In addition to the CCU, the University has 14 research laboratories engaged in scientific research in various fields of knowledge, including the international Chinese – Belarusian scientific laboratory for vacuum-plasma technologies.
In total, in 2015, the University carried out 167 topics (112 funded and 45 not funded, i.e. performed on account of the second half of the working day of the faculty for the main position), including 63 tasks of the state enterprise, 3 tasks of the SSTP, 31 grants of the BRFFI and 15 contractual topics performed by orders of enterprises and organizations of the Republic of Belarus, CIS and foreign countries. In 2015, the volume of research and services amounted to 9480,34 mln (funds of the Ministry of education – 5654,6 million rubles; funds of the Republican budget of other customers 1887,55 million RUB; commercial contracts – 693,19 million.; services – 1245,0 million RUB).
The University has achieved great success in the field of international cooperation. Over the past five years, there has been a significant improvement in the quality of international activities of the University, its recognition abroad. High-tech developments of the University are used not only by domestic enterprises and organizations, but also exported outside the Republic of Belarus. Confirmation of the originality and novelty of new equipment and technologies created by scientists of the University, is to obtain copyright certificates and patents, as well as medals and diplomas at prestigious international exhibitions. Thus, in 2015, 33 exhibits of the University were demonstrated at 15 different exhibitions held both in Belarus and abroad.
The University has established close scientific ties to carry out research work with Russia, Ukraine, Lithuania, China, Korea, Finland, Switzerland and other countries. Links with educational and scientific centers of the world to carry out research are constantly expanding. In 2015, was carried out 20 research and development through international cooperation.
The effectiveness of scientific research is maintained at a high level. Thus, in 2015, 27 monographs, 4 textbooks with the stamp of the Ministry of education and other departments, 51 collections of scientific works and conference materials, 2065 articles in journals and collections of scientific works, including 288 in foreign journals and collections were published. The main number of publications are Vakovsky-294, with impact factor and included in the Philadelphia list – 41. Also in 2015, the results of 87 developments of the University used in the educational process; received 12 patents.
The University publishes 2 scientific journals: "Proceedings of the Gomel state University named after Francis Skaryna" with a periodicity of 6 issues per year and "Problems of physics, mathematics and technology", which is published with a periodicity of 4 journals per year. Journals are included in the list of WAC for publication of materials of dissertation research, as well as in the All-Russian mathematical portal and Scientific electronic library. Work continues on the publication of the journal "Problems of physics, mathematics and technology" in English. The collection of scientific works of students and postgraduates "Creativity of young people"is published annually. In 2015, this collection was published in 3 parts.
The leading role of the GSU F. Skaryna in the development of scientific research is expressed in the organization and conduct of international, national and regional scientific conferences. In 2015, the University initiated and organized 29 scientific conferences, including 13 student conferences. In March-April 2015, the University held "days of student science". All faculties took an active part in this event – conferences were held at the departments and faculties. According to the results of conferences published a collection of abstracts of the most important reports of students, undergraduates and graduate students "days of STUDENT SCIENCE" in 2 parts.
The state of research at the University is evidenced by the following figures: in 2015, at conferences of different levels, students read 2,177 reports; 2062 scientific papers were published. The number of scientific works and exhibits of students who became winners at competitions and exhibitions of various levels in 2015 amounted to 140.
In 2015, 145 works were submitted to the National competition for the best student scientific work in natural, technical and humanitarian Sciences. According to the results of the competition awarded the title "Laureate of the Republican contest of scientific works of students in 2015" to four authors. Diplomas of the first category were awarded to 24 works, the second category – 75 works, the third category-28 works, without category-14 works.
Currently, the University has 42 student research units. Their main task is to improve the training of highly qualified specialists with knowledge of the latest achievements of science and technology, a set of skills and methods of research.
International cooperation of the Educational Establishment "Gomel state University named after Francysk Skaryna" is reflected in the development of contacts and contracts with foreign partners, the implementation of joint projects and programs, participation in international conferences, organization and holding of international events with the participation of specialists from foreign countries.
The University has 135 cooperation agreements with foreign educational and scientific institutions from 30 countries, including 60 agreements with foreign countries (China, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Hungary, Vietnam, India, Germany, Sweden, Finland, France, USA, Japan, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Mexico, Spain, Korea) and 75 agreements with universities abroad (Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, Latvia, Lithuania, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan). All agreements are concluded on a non-currency basis and provide for mutual assistance in research and training, exchange of students and scientific information.
The study of Chinese studies, which was opened in June 2006 with the support and assistance of the Chinese Embassy in the Republic of Belarus, is functioning successfully. Classes are conducted by teachers from China who came to work with the assistance of the Chinese Embassy in the Republic of Belarus in the framework of the Agreement between the Ministry of education of the Republic of Belarus and the state office of China for the international dissemination of the Chinese language.
At the faculty of Philology successfully works scientific and methodological center of Russian studies, opened with the assistance of the Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Republic of Belarus.
Since 2006, the University included in the Association "Inter-Academy" which is an international organization that brings together 7 universities in Japan, Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, Romania and Belarus.
In September 2013, it was decided to establish the Confucius Cabinet Of the Republican Institute of Chinese studies named after Confucius of BSU at Gomel state University. The office was opened in February 2016.
The University is actively involved in international projects. In January 2013, the TEMPUS project "Improvement and development of professional training (MODEP)", ETF-JP-00408-2008, was successfully completed, coordinated by the University of Auvergne-Clermont I (France).
In January 2015, the TEMPUS PROJECT "Training and advanced training of teachers of tourism disciplines in the Republic of Belarus" ("TETVET") was successfully completed. The project coordinator was the University of Paderborn (Germany).
Currently, the University is implementing three TEMPUS projects:
- "Eastern partnership in pedagogical innovations in inclusive education" (INVEST). Project coordinator – University of Karlsruhe (Germany);
- "Ecological education for Belarus, Russia and Ukraine" (EcoBru). Project coordinator – University of Bremen (Germany);
- "The centres of excellence for young scientists" (CERES). Project coordinator-University of žilina (Slovakia).
The University participated as associate partner in the project of the scholarship program Erasmus Mundus IANUS II "Inter-Academia Network IANUS II". The project coordinator was Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi (Romania). The University is also involved in the international scholarship program for the exchange of Erasmus+.
Currently, the University has 569 citizens near and far abroad (China, Turkey, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Libya, Yemen, Israel, Russia, Ukraine, Spain, Italy, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan).
The desire to deeply study and preserve for future generations the identity and uniqueness of the Slavic culture, to contribute to the spiritual unity of the fraternal Slavic peoples – Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian – prompted the scientists of Gomel state University. F. Skaryna came up with a proposal to create an International Association "Institute of Slavistics" as a form of cooperation between universities and research institutions of neighboring countries – Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. The relevance and the need to create such an Association is due, firstly, to the fact that the unique material and spiritual culture of the East Slavic region has not yet been fully studied, and secondly, many ethno-cultural elements-historical monuments, products of traditional folk crafts, arts and crafts, rituals and customs, works of folklore, dialect names – gradually disappear due to the resettlement of a significant number of residents from the Chernobyl zone of Belarus, Ukraine and Russia, thirdly, the values of folk material culture is constantly lost as a result of the destruction of time.
The doors of our University are wide open to establish contacts with everyone who wants to receive higher education.